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07/11/2015

De l'influence négative de la religion sur l'altruisme

Religious children are meaner than their secular counterparts, study finds.

www.theguardian.com/.../religious-children-less-altruistic-secular-kids-study
15 hours ago ... Children from religious families are less kind and more punitive than those from non-religious households, according to a new study.
 
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extrait :

Religious belief appears to have negative influence on children’s altruism and judgments of others’ actions even as parents see them as ‘more empathetic’.

 

Children from religious families are less kind and more punitive than those from non-religious households, according to a new study.

Academics from seven universities across the world studied Christian, Muslim and non-religious children to test the relationship between religion and morality.

They found that religious belief is a negative influence on children’s altruism.

“Overall, our findings ... contradict the commonsense and popular assumption that children from religious households are more altruistic and kind towards others,” said the authors of The Negative Association Between Religiousness and Children’s Altruism Across the World, published this week in Current Biology.

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résumé de l'article initial de Current Biology :
 
SUMMARY
Prosocial behaviors are ubiquitous across societies. 
They emerge early in ontogeny [1] and are shaped by interactions between genes and culture [2, 3]. Over the course of middle childhood, sharing approaches equality in distribution [4]. 
Since 5.8 billion humans, representing 84% of the worldwide population, identify as religious [5], religion is arguably one prevalent facet of culture that influences the development and expression of prosociality.
While it is generally accepted that religion contours people’s moral judgments and prosocial behavior, the relation between religiosity and morality is a contentious one. 
Here, we assessed altruism and third-party evaluation of scenarios depicting interpersonal harm in 1,170 children aged between 5 and 12 years in six countries (Canada, China, Jordan, Turkey, USA, and South Africa), the religiousness of their household, and parent-reported child empathy and sensitivity to justice. 
Across all countries, parents in religious households reported that their children expressed more empathy and sensitivity for justice in everyday life than non-religious parents. 
However, religiousness was inversely predictive of children’s altruism and positively correlated with their punitive tendencies.
Together these results reveal the similarity acros countries in how religion negatively influences children’s altruism, challenging the view that religiosity facilitates prosocial behavior.
 
(les caractères gras sont de moi)
 

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